Anping is the birthplace of Tainan and a representative epitome of Taiwan's development. The development of Anping was earlier than the development of the Capital City, or better put, the development of the Capital City was from Anping. Anping used to be the commercial port, the military port, and the fishing port. Today, it has become a modern metropolis that mesmerizes with beautiful scenery. This development is due to spatial configuration and the changes made due to the surrounding environment, over time. Based on the historical records, since the Ming Dynasty, the Anping has been under the rule of the Netherlands, the Ming Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, the Japanese and the National Government (Lin Chao-chen and Zheng Shui-ping as Chief Editor, "Anping District" Vol. A, 5 – 6). In every historical development period, with the changes of political, economic, military and other factors, the population and spatial structure of Anping District changed significantly. After the Qianlong and Yongzheng Emperors, the population increased due to the military officers bringing their families with them. The population of different industries also increased and the social organizations transformed from the military to local governments (Zheng Shui-ping, 1998, 126). Between 1948 and 1949, the Joint Logistics Command of Shandong moved to Anping due to the relocation of the National Government, bringing the first wave of immigrants to the Anping District after the war (Zheng Shui-ping, 1998, 135). After 1990, the second wave of immigrants came to Anping due to the planning of the Fifth Redevelopment Area in Tainan (Zheng Shui-ping, 1998, 136). In this era of change, women who have moved in from other places, or women in the local area, including the first inhabitants, the Hoklo Taiwanese, Hakkas, Han Chinese, and new immigrant women who gradually emerged to support development of internationalization in Tainan. These contributions have not received the attention they deserve in current historical accounts. With the development of humanistic geographic narratives, the local annotation and research methods begun to be reshaped, and the place was reduced in the context of globalization. In fact, this is not entirely correct. First of all, in the fields of literature, history, anthropology, sociology, medicine, science, and technology, the concept of bottom-up history has gradually been developed. The concept of history itself is required to take into account both the vertical time-oriented and horizontal spatial orientated views in order to combine the topics under discussion and the contemporary cultural and historical issues, analyzing the influences caused by identity recognition under certain time and space with the different factors, like gender, class, nationality, and others. Secondly, in recent years, pushed by the large-scale projects such as the national community re-engineering policy, the localization policy, the reproduction of Zeelandia in Tainan City, and the Anping Port National Historical Scenic Area, the current research of Anping has become a subject of concern. However, in the current Anping study, there is no female-centered research, although women have had an important position in the development of Anping. Therefore, the idea of an integrative project has emerged. In the short span of 50 years, the historical trace of the indigenous residents, foreigners, mainlanders and new immigrant women at different time points can be seen everywhere in the Anping area. Although researchers are only observing by standing outside of the Anping time and landscapethey are able to see the emotional linkages between the people and place, making Anping a meaningful and experienced world.
In terms of Anping, the early research focuses on historical development, folklore and culture, cultural relic discovery and their introduction, while later research focuses on the investigation of traditional local society. Later, with the rise and promotion of community building concepts, research is primarily focused on architecture and space (streets) (seen in the Masters’ theses). In recent years, due to the rise of the cultural industry, the research direction tends to be tourism and community development. All of these studies cut in from the historical evolution or regional characteristics, enriching the aspects of Anping. Nevertheless, apart from being a region to be observed, studied and written, Anping can be a place worthy of attention and significant for exploration.
Being in a place, whether it is from the time or the spatial views, the fluid nature is indeed displayed. Its locality has always been shaped by the daily life of the mobile crowd. On the other hand, due to the dominance of the political regime, the place has been presented with different appearances and connotations in different eras. Anping used to be a hub of global trade. It was once the Zeelandia and once flourished and then fell. It now contains a complicated relationship with the past and with other regions, near or far. Departing from Anping, we should not just know of a place, but also develop a way to re-understand its connection to the world.
In this local study, it is not only hoped to take the local perspective of contemporary humanistic and geography in this interdisciplinary plan to re-understand how Anping acts as a place but also to outline Anping with the significantly necessary gender points of view in the current studies of Anping. Furthermore, the Anping will become a way through which to re-understand the world, establish a dialogue with the other local studies in the world, and place Anping on the global landscape. Furthermore, the gender dimension will be reduced, placing Anping women’s feelings towards the place as the main axis and observing the social relationship of Anping with the past and amongst places.