First CAR Lab Opens – NCKU’s Connected and Autonomous Vehicle Passes Dynamic Test with Flying Colors
台灣首座「智駕測試實驗室」將打造智慧駕駛車輛
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        Connected and autonomous vehicles are being actively developed around the world in hopes of creating vehicles that can instantly make the safest and most appropriate responses to ever-changing road environments and realizing the dream of self-driving cars. In Shalun, Tainan, the Ministry of Science and Technology built the Taiwan CAR (connected, autonomous, road-test) Lab, a closed testing ground and the first of its kind to incorporate the complex traffic environments often seen in the Asia-Pacific region. President Tsai Ing-Wen presided over the opening ceremony on February 25. A dynamic test of a self-driving car developed by NCKU at the ceremony presented perfect performance: stopping at red lights, moving forward at green lights, making turns smoothly, and going around or stopping before obstacles. The results give rise to more imagination and expectations for smart transportation in the future.

        The Taiwan CAR Lab has 13 hardware road facilities, such as intersections and pedestrian crossing, and NCKU’s connected autonomous vehicle research team assists in e stablishing various test scenarios that can be integrated with physical tests. NCKU president Dr. Huey-Jen Jenny Su took a ride in the self-driving car developed by NCKU at the opening ceremony. She praised the car for its responses and decision-making and was very satisfied with how smooth the drive was. A number of other ceremony attendees also got to get an early experience of the future world that technology will bring.

        The Taiwan Car Lab will initially be managed and operated by the National Applied Research Laboratories (NARL) and the Automotive Research and Testing Center. NCKU president Dr. Huey-Jen Jenny Su and NARL president Yeong-Her Wang signed a collaboration agreement to promote the research and development of verification venues for self-driving vehicles and create a comprehensive traffic detection system.

        Dr. Huey-Jen Jenny Su pointed out that NCKU will play a key role in Taiwan’s first connected and automated vehicle testing lab and that their collaboration with NARL will have a synergetic effect which will help them realize society’s AI dreams earlier. The development of new technology will spur progress in new industries and contribute to Taiwan’s smart economy. Yeong-Her Wang stated that connected automated vehicles must undergo stringent testing and will require the integration of NCKU’s technology and energy in electrical engineering, information technology, mechanical engineering, and even management.

        NCKU developed the crucial software for connected and automated driving in 2017 and created a prototype that uses technologies such as navigation and positioning, environment sensing, decision-making and planning, and drive control. Communication devices are also installed in the vehicle to provide feedback on vehicle status and enable remote control based on certain procedures when necessary. Autonomous driving can be divided into 5 levels, with level 5 being the highest. At present, NCKU’s autonomous vehicle possesses level 4 autonomous driving capabilities and can drive around campus.

        For autonomous vehicles to drive safely on the road, they require the complete integration of technologies in three fields: sensing, decision-making, and control. Complete testing and verification is a necessary process that autonomous vehicles must undergo before they can drive safely on the road and an indispensable part of autonomous vehicle development in Taiwan.

        全球都積極投入智慧駕駛車輛開發,期待在多變的道路環境,智駕車能立即應變做出最適當與最安全的判斷,讓無人駕駛的夢想早日實現。科技部在台南沙崙打造首座融入亞太區複雜交通環境的封閉式測試場域「台灣智駕測試實驗室」2019年2月25日由蔡英文總統主持開幕,成大開發的智慧駕駛車輛現場動態實測,紅燈停、綠燈行,轉彎順暢外,遇障礙物會判斷該繞行或煞停不再前進,完美展現研發成果,讓人對未來智慧交通有更多的想像與期待。

        「台灣智駕測試實驗室」設置有十字路口、行人穿越等13種硬體道路設施,並由成大智慧駕駛車輛團隊協助建置可與實體測試結合的各種情境模擬,以做為研發智駕車關鍵技術時不可或缺的驗證評估場所。開幕典禮上,蘇慧貞校長在測試場內搭乘自家的智駕車,對於車輛的行車判斷與反應讚許有加,對行進間的順暢平穩也大為滿意。不少與會人士也紛紛體驗,提前感受科技帶來末來世界。

        台灣智駕測試實驗室,初期由國家實驗研究院與車輛研究測試中心管理營運。成大校長蘇慧貞與國研院院長王永和,2月23日簽署「推動自駕車驗證場域研發合作」備忘錄,為打造完善的車況檢測系統攜手合作。

        蘇慧貞指出,台灣建置第一個「智駕測試實驗室」,成大將在其中發揮關鍵性的角色與力量,與國研院合作將能加值彼此能量,早日實現社會對人工智慧的夢想與期待,並藉由新的技術開發促進新的產業發展,為台灣智能經濟貢獻己力。王永和指出,智駕車上路要經過嚴格的測驗,將結合成大電機、資訊、機械甚至管理方面的技術與能量,共同研發智駕車檢測驗證技術,創造出更多價值。

        成大在2017年開發與整合智慧車輛所需關鍵軟體,開發出智慧駕駛車原型車,用到的技術包含導航定位、環境感知、決策規劃與驅動控制等。此外,車輛同時也安裝通訊裝置以回報車輛狀況,並於必要時依循一定程序接受遠端遙控。目前車輛智慧駕駛分為5個等級,最高為5,成大智慧車輛可以在校園域行駛,具備等級4的自駕能力。

        智駕駛車要能實際上路,行進時要能對瞬息萬變的道路情境即做出最安全的反應,包括車對車,車對人,雨天、淹水等狀況,其反應的關鍵程序為「感知」、「決策」及「控制」三方面的技術全面整合,智駕車要安全上路一定要經過完整的測試與驗證,是智駕駛上路前的必經過程,是台灣發展智駕車不可或缺的一環。