Sustainable development of fish aquaculture
魚類水產養殖的永續發展
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          Ocean covers almost 70% of the Earth surface; in addition to providing water resources, it also contributes a wide variety of food resources to support the global population. Eventually, when land resources have been virtually completely exploited, humans will alter their focus towards exploiting ocean resources. Consequently, ensuring sustainable development of oceans, seas and marine resources is a main priority that needs to be initiated.

          Illegal fishing and in particular overfishing has decimated the marine industry, not only in Taiwan, but globally. Consequently, many countries have initiated science-based research to develop a new strategy for maintaining fish stocks and improving breeding stock quality and quantity. Taiwan has abundant ocean fish resources; however, without proper management, ocean fish resources are rapidly depleting and unable to support demand. The resulting crisis cannot be addressed solely by traditional breeding methods. To achieve sustainable development, the NCKU grouper team, lead by Prof. Tzong-Yueh Chen of the Department of Biotechnology and Bioindustry Sciences, has the view that traditional aquaculture must adopt technology. Cross-field cooperation is encouraged and indeed is becoming an important trend worldwide. Furthermore, genetic technologyies to identify markers for high growth and high disease resistance can be used to identify the best quality grouper broodstock; consequently, this can help reduce harvest of wild fish and indirectly achieve SDGs. Providing sufficient food resources can help eradicate poverty and reaching milestones of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by developing functional aquafeed additives to address the food crisis. In the future, with improved technology, more innovative breeding techniques for aquaculture can be developed and used to sustain oceans, seas and marine resources.

          海洋占地球接近七成的面積,除了提供水資源,它也爲全球人口提供了各種糧食資源,當陸地資源陸續被開發耗盡後,人類不得不轉向開發海洋資源。漁業對於全球糧食安全、百姓生計與經濟發展佔有重要的貢獻。在沒有完善持續管理下,過度捕撈將破壞魚類棲息地,魚類種群應要保持在生物可持續發展的數量内,或是依據它們的生物特性來生產最大永續發展的魚獲量。非法與過度捕撈除了重創臺灣海洋產業領域,也逐漸升格為全球議題,先進國家已開始通過科學研究投入,尋找可以維持魚類種群以及提高種魚族群質量與數量的新策略。臺灣擁有優勢的地理形勢與海洋資源,但缺少妥善管理的問題造成海洋與大量魚類資源快速消耗枯竭,供不應求,這也形成了對海洋漁業的種種問題,過度依賴傳統育種方法完全跟不上資源消耗速度。傳統養殖業搭配先進科技技術進行跨領域合作是目前全球的趨勢,由本校生物科技與產業科學系的陳宗嶽教授所帶領成功大學石斑魚團隊,利用遺傳技術準確標定高成長、高抗病關鍵基因可協助篩選高品質種魚族群,培育出快速成長子代,除提升經濟效益外,也可減少野外海洋捕撈,達到永續發展目標。此外,該團隊也發展出水產機能性飼料添加物,加快水產養殖魚類生長,提供更有效益的養殖技術,協助克服糧食危機,提供足夠的糧食資源可以消除飢餓、改善營養,同時達到聯合國2030永續發展目標。在長遠的目標下,利用更進一步的生物科技研發與改良更精準的分子育種技術,期盼協助克服糧食危機的同時達成保育及永續利用海洋與海洋資源,以確保全球永續發展。