Research on Innovative Technologies for Landslide Disaster Prevention under Extreme Environmental Conditions
極端環境下之山崩防災創新技術研究
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          Climate Change has become the new norm, and the impact it brings will become more frequent and intense.

          According to a study published at the 2016 Conference of the European Geosciences Union, from 1900 to 2015, natural disasters had killed 8 million people, resulting in losses of up to 7 trillion US dollars. There is a clear trend of increasing severity over time, of which more than half of the casualties and losses were indirectly caused by natural disasters. Analyzing the history of Taiwan's major disasters, NCKU has played a leading role in academic research for disasters in the middle and southern regions where Typhoon Morakot hit in 2009, the serious casualties in Tainan City, and the burial of residents in the debris flow of the Yanchao mudstone area in the south. NCKU counselled the research teams in the school to study the occurrence of various natural disasters, and proposed constructive measures for prevention, management and remedy.

          Among the research teams in the school, the NCKU Smart Geotechnical Lab led by Dr. Hong Jing has been working to improve the scientific cognition of disasters due to Climate Change; measurement and analysis technologies, acceptance of science and technology, and linking with the world. Supported by the Young scholars' development plan sponsored by the Ministry of Science and Technology in 2008, the team discussed key disaster prevention issues: 1) unravel landslide failure mechanisms and precisely define the time of failure; 2) define the particularity of mudstone slope failure and reproduce its failure process; 3) pioneer the development of new engineering technologies in response to extreme environmental conditions; 4) assist government agencies in promoting the application of disaster prevention practices; and 5) export research results and application experience to foster international connections. Although the NCKU Smart Geotechnical Team is in the early stage of academic development, this team possesses great potential. It encourages the next generation of scholars and students in the NCKU to be more active and work hard to earn a good reputation for NCKU as an internationally renowned institution.

          Finally, it is worth mentioning that the research results of the first master student instructed by the NCKU Smart Geotechnical Team was honored by being awarded the 2016 Master's Thesis Award from the Taiwan Geotechnical Engineering Society. Three SCI grade papers have been published as a result. This team will construct the dynamic geophysical exploration technology in the near future and properly apply its technology to improve responses to disasters caused by Climate Change in Taiwan.

          This team will use Taiwan's disaster prevention as a base to overcome Climate Change with forward-looking research topics and pioneer the world's academic research in related fields to enhance NCKU’s international competitiveness.

          氣候變遷已為新常態,其所帶來之衝擊可能變得更頻繁與劇烈。根據2016歐洲地球科學聯盟會議發表的研究報告指出,自1900-2015年以來,自然災害已導致800萬人喪生,造成損失達7兆美元,並有逐年增高的明顯趨勢,其中,亦有大半的傷亡與損失為自然災害伴隨而間接導致之。回顧臺灣過去重大災害歷史,從2009年莫拉克風災重創中南部地區,到2016美濃地震造成臺南市嚴重的傷亡以及南部燕巢泥岩地區土石流掩埋居民等悲劇,NCKU均發揮其學術研究領頭羊的角色,用心輔導校內研究團隊鑽研各種自然災害發生,不懈於提出具建設性的預防、管理、補救對策。其中,本校由洪瀞老師所帶領的NCKU智慧地工實驗室,一直致力於提升對抗氣候變遷引致之災害的科學認知、測量與解析技術、科普推廣、以及與世界的鏈結。其團隊獲科技部107年度年輕學者養成計畫支持,針對以下關鍵防減災議題進行探討:1) 解開山崩破壞機制,精確定義破壞初始時間; 2) 定義泥岩邊坡破壞之特殊性與重現其破壞過程;3) 首創與發展因應極端環境之新創工程實驗技術;4) 協助政府部門推動於災防實務之應用;5) 輸出研究成果與應用經驗以擴大國際鏈結。儘管NCKU智慧地工團隊屬初期的學術發展階段,此團隊將不會因此而限縮眼界,期鼓勵我校次世代的學者與學生們更積極進取為NCKU的國際知名招牌爭取貢獻。最後值得一提的是,NCKU智慧地工團隊首位指導的碩士生之研究成果即有榮幸獲臺灣大地工程學會2016年碩士論文獎,相關成果亦已刊載3篇SCI等級論文。此團隊期在不遠的未來建構動態地球物理探勘技術,並妥善應用其技術於改善臺灣所受之氣候變遷災害。由臺灣的災防需求出發,克服具有國際競爭力之前瞻研究議題,朝引領相關領域之世界學術研究先驅邁進。