Intelligent Manufacturing and Industry 4.1
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          Over time, due to its growth as an OEM (original equipment manufacturer) and ODM (original design manufacturer), Taiwan has developed an irreplaceable base of strength in the global manufacturing industry chain, The achievements are obvious and well recognized in the global market. in the face of demand for changes in the digital production line, Taiwanese manufacturers are feeling pressure to move product production towards a lower degree of quantity and customization. To become more flexible in terms of production, Taiwanese firms must rely on intelligent software development, helping to initiate the industry 4.1 wave.

          Industry 4.0 typically stresses improving corporate productivity, but there is less emphasis on quality. This makes it impossible for factories to achieve the goal of zero defects due to a lack of an affordable, practical online real-time total inspection system. Professor Fan-Tien Cheng (Dept. of Computer Science and information Engineering) and his innovative Automatic Virtual Metrology (AVM) technology can achieve the near zero defect goal because AVN can provide information and data for products online in real-time. When defects are found, the defective product can be screened out. Through this method, almost all deliverables will have zero defects. The defective products will go through the Key-variable Search Algorithm (KSA) to pinpoint the main cause so problems can be resolved. The improvements are continuous, eventually accomplishing the near zero defect goal with most products.

          In 2018, the Intelligent Manufacturing Research Center (iMRC) was established at NCKU, using the AVM technology to develop the Advanced Manufacturing Cloud of Things industries and help achieve the goal of nearly zero defects for all of their products.