Implementation plan adapted to environmental change in Tainan coastal area (IMPACT)
台南濱海地區環境變遷調適計畫
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          It is held by the Department of Architecture, Department of Hydraulic and Ocean Engineering, Tainan Hydraulic Laboratory, Department of Urban Planning, Institute of Ocean Technology Marine Affairs and Department of Environmental Engineering. We aim to explore issues of coastal areas, inform students about the care of the surrounding area and social issues by bringing them deep into coastal areas, carry out SDGs and promote social responsibility.

          Our issues were related to SDG14: Life Below, including a change of sandbar, sustainable oyster farming, ocean waste, and coastal environment and settlement culture. We do research, simplify and transmit knowledge regarding marine environments through courses, events and seminars. Our intentions are to change people’s views towards sustainable environment with education and together build a sustainable home.

          Regarding the curriculum, related courses enabled students to learn about the change of sandbar and to improve communication skills during field trips to Beimen, Cigu and Jiangjun. Students experienced how to grow oysters. Concurrently, our team worked with oyster farmers to understand how monomer oyster farming overcomes decreases in lagoons. There were also practical courses regarding marine environments and precipitation, e.g. potential flooding map. Experts in marine preservation were invited to share knowledge and inform students.

          This project enabled students and our team to transmit knowledge by conducting activities, exhibitions and presentations, a 1-day camp in Jiangjun and Cigu elementary schools, an educational booth in summer camp and beach cleaning in Milkfish Festival. Students learned and subsequently shared messages. In the education booth, we have various teaching aids, including Card of Flooding which teaches causes and corresponding solutions; and Oyster Farm Matching to identify various styles of oyster cultivation. All knowledge is based on our research, although it is simplified to an appropriate level to make it easier to understand and share.

          計畫團隊包含建築系、水利系、水工所、都計系、海事所與環工系,共同為台南濱海地區的環境議題提出調適計劃。探索環境變遷下台南濱海區域面臨的問題,培育年輕學子對於在地環境及社會議題的關懷,帶領學生深入濱海社區協助在地調適氣候變遷,並積極落實聯合國永續發展指標SDGs與國際接軌,以善盡成功大學社會責任。計畫團隊所議題的項目,有多項議題與SDG14: 海下生物(Life Below Water)有密切關聯,包含:沙洲變遷、牡蠣永續養殖、海洋廢棄物、濱海環境與聚落文化等。並透過研究並且簡化資訊,以課程、活動、演講等項目來傳遞海洋知識,期待能夠利用教育,來改變大家對於環境永續的觀念,成為環境保護的推手,建立大學與社會共同編織的永續家園。

          在學校課程方面,建築系規劃都市微氣候、物理環境控制、建築微氣候模擬與調適策略課程、水利系開立遙測與地理資訊系統應用、氣候變遷與海洋環境保護,都計系開設防災服務學習課程等,總計有200餘位學生參與。這些課程,讓學生在參訪北門、將軍、七股這些地點時,學習到沙洲變遷的知識,還要學習如何與居民溝通、涉獵不同常態學習的知識。並透過實際的參與,體驗牡蠣從養殖、維護、捕撈、撥殼等過程,以及其成長受環境變遷的影響。同時,在面對沙洲變遷及潟湖面積縮水下,師生與在地蚵農協力採用牡蠣單體養殖的策略。課程中也安排了許多與海洋、降雨與養殖的體驗觀摩及實作課程,例如虱目魚養殖抗低溫、鰻苗捕撈、植物與建築耐鹽的技術、淹水潛勢圖繪製、淹水的系統性問題…等,也邀請海洋環境保育類的專家前來分享目前濱海環境變遷、海洋汙染、食魚教育等知識,讓學生除了在本科知識外,更能熟悉四面環海的台灣,學習如何關懷家鄉的環境永續。也讓大學的教育,能有更多的想像及無邊界的課程設計。

          本計畫亦讓學生與研究團隊以活動、成果展與發表會的形式,來傳遞科學知識,其中包含,與廣三里社區、龍山社區討論淹水防災的措施與可行性、將軍國小與三股國小的一日教育營隊、暑期服務營的環境教育攤位、虱目魚季的淨灘活動,讓學生不僅學習也成為傳遞知識的種子教師。環境教育的攤位中,有包含的事項有淹水卡牌-讓參與者學習淹水的調適策略與原因、沙洲拼圖-展示沙洲於不同年代的航拍資訊與現況的差異、牡蠣養殖拼貼-找尋台灣因為不同地理現況所形成的不同養殖型態、虱目魚的問答-說明及解答虱目魚從卵到成魚的過程中的知識。這些資訊都是建立在團隊科學研究的基礎上,將知識以簡易的方式讓更多人可以了解,並且學習環境優先的思維,為此來達到海洋教育普及的目標。