Due to global energy shortages, the development of green energy and energy storage technologies has become critical worldwide. To integrate industrial and academic efforts and expand the global market to spur industrial development and the financial benefits of green energy technologies and industries, the Hierarchical Green-Energy Materials (Hi-GEM) Research Center of National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) convened an international forum on green energy. Researchers from the industry, the academia, and various units were invited to participate in the forum, during which they exchanged opinions on the current development of green energy materials and the manufacturing bottlenecks. The forum hosted a series of lectures, featuring speeches about basic theoretical and technology applications. Given the aim to implement an energy and industry transition as soon as possible and to achieve the administrative goals of a low-carbon country, these lectures discussed the practical implementation methods for the development of green economy.
Professor Jow-Lay Huang of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, who is also the Hi-GEM Director, thanked all lecturers for their participation and expressed best wishes for the forum’s success. Huang noted that, according to current global trends, sustainable, fossil fuel, and nuclear energy consumption will account for 64%, 29%, and 7%, respectively, of global energy consumption by 2050. Therefore, until 2050, nuclear energy will persist in the world. The energy consumption proportions in Taiwan are expected to change drastically. By 2050, the consumptions of natural gas, coal, and sustainable energy are expected to decrease from 32% to 50%, 46% to 30%, and 6% to 20%, respectively, and nuclear and petroleum will have run out.
Huang explained that the Hi-GEM Research Center specializes in energy-related research and development. The center comprises 30 professors from seven universities, whose backgrounds include physics, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, material science, and photoelectrics. Huang stated, “the Hi-GEM Research Center investigates energy storage materials, solid-state batteries, secondary battery cells, and supercapacitors. In our research on energy transition, we focus on the development of solar and fuel batteries. Furthermore, we have collaborated with instructors from the Department of Industrial Design to commercialize our products.” The topics mentioned by Huang were also discussed in the forum.
Subsequently, Huang expressed gratitude to Professors Kuan-Zong Fang and Shu-Yi Tsai for organizing the event. Morning lectures mainly concerned about academic research, with renowned experts from relevant fields invited as speakers. Professor Jayant Kumar from the University of Massachusetts Lowell, USA, gave a speech titled Efficient Thermoelectric Polymer Film on Flexible Substrates; Professor Pei-Chen Su from Nanyang Technological University gave a speech on the topic of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities in Nanyang Technological University in Singapore; Professor India Gnana Kumar from Madurai Kamaraj University gave a lecture titled Development of High Performance and Durable Fuel Cells with Three Dimensional Catalytic Nanoarchitectures; Professor Li-Chyong Chen discussed Challenges of Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction: Using Two-dimensional Nanomaterials as Examples; Professor Surendra K. Marth from The Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad gave a speech on High Energy Cathodes for Li-ion Batteries; and Professor Masahiro Yoshimura from NCKU discussed Why Soft (Green) Processing (Low-Energy Production) of Advanced Materials is Difficult but Necessary for Sustainable Society.
The afternoon speeches were centered on industrial topics. Dr. Chiu-Ping Li from the Green Technology Research Institute of CPC Corporation gave a speech titled An Approach to Sustainable development in CPC; Dr. Shih-Chieh Liao, who served as the Deputy Director of the Material and Chemical Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute gave a speech titled Lithium Batteries for EV and ESS Applications; Dr. Chorng-Jye Huang, the chief technology officer of the Green Energy and Environment Research Labs Photovoltaic Technology Division, Industrial Technology Research Institute gave a speech titled Photovoltaic Technology Developed by the Institutional Technology Research Institute in Response to Industrial Trends; Professor Yu-Lun Chueh from the Materials Science and Engineering Department, National Tsing Hua University, gave a speech titled Phase-Modulated 3D-Hierarchical 2D Materials by Plasma-Assisted Selenization Process Toward Green Energy and Environmental Applications; and Assistant Professor Chung-Wei Kung from the Department of Chemical Engineering, NCKU, gave a speech on the topic of Rendering Stable Metal–Organic Framework-Based Materials Electrochemically Active.