Flood and Drought Adaptation Technologies as National Development Strategies
水旱災調適科技國家發展方略

            Floods and droughts are the major natural disasters in Taiwan. Under the influence of Climate Change, rainfall patterns are becoming more unpredictable, and the impact of floods and droughts is getting worse. In order to solve the water shortage and flooding problems, the Water Resources Agency has proposed three major policy objectives of mitigating impacts, improving adaptation and "zero-sacrifice evacuation to respond to Climate Change. The NCKU Disaster Prevention Research Center assisted the Water Resources Agency in reorganizing the Disaster Prevention/Relief System. This collaboration updated implementation results, and proposed flood and drought adaptation technologies as national development strategies. The four major development axes are; observation and forecasting systems, disaster risk analysis and value-added applications, information transfer and exchange systems, and disaster response capabilities. The development strategies include; expansion of information sources on flood disasters, improvement of hydrological observation and forecasting techniques, integration of disaster prevention resources, and improvement of contingency plans, strengthening of pipelines for flood disaster information transmission, coordination of specific agencies for floods and droughts prevention and rescues, and participation of the public for flood rescues.

            The NCKU Disaster Prevention Research Center actively participates in major planning for various axes, develops flood warning systems and integrated disaster prevention information systems at county and city levels, monitors hydrological and territorial environmental changes, analyzes disaster hotspots for risk stratification, provides immediate warning information and decisions for reference during crises, handles education and training to improve the disaster prevention response of relevant business personnel, and strengthen the resilience of the local communities.

            水旱災為臺灣主要天然災害之一,在氣候變遷影響下,降雨型態越發不均,洪水及乾旱的衝擊越趨嚴重,為改善水荒及水災的問題,水利署提出以「減緩衝擊」、「提升適應」及「零犧牲撤離」三大政策方針來因應異常氣候變遷,成大防災中心協助水利署綜整各現行防救災體系及相關執行成果,提出水旱災調適科技國家發展方略。

            四大發展主軸為觀測及預報系統、災害風險分析及加值運用、情資傳遞和交換系統、以及災害應變能力,發展策略包含水情及災情資訊來源之擴充、水文觀測及預報技術之提升、防救資源整合及應變作為之提升、水情及災情傳遞管道之強化、各機關水旱災防救資源協調、以及民眾參與水旱災防救業務。成大防災中心積極參與各大主軸相關計劃,開發淹水預警系統及縣市層級整合型防災資訊系統、監測水文地文環境變化、分析災害熱點進行風險分級、提供即時預警資訊及應變決策參考、辦理各項教育訓練提升相關業務承辦人員防災能量、深入地方強化社區韌性等。