In the face of climate change and global warming issues, what kinds of prediction, evaluation, and warning strategies have been proposed worldwide? What can Taiwan learn from other countries’ experiences under different climatic characteristics, laws and regulations, urban development, and public needs? The Ministry of Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), the Heat Island Alliance, the Taiwan Association of the Disaster Prevention Industry, and WeatherRisk Explore Inc. co-hosted the Taiwan–Germany Urban Heat Stress Assessment and Forecasting Forum in the afternoon of November 5, 2019, on the 3rd floor of C-Hub in the College of Planning and Design, NCKU. A series of lectures, conversations, and exchanges took place in the forum.
The director of the Research Centre Human Biometeorology of the Deutscher Wetterdienst, Andreas Matzarakis, was invited to detail the Heat Health Warning System of the German Federal Government and share their experiences of application of the system as well as the research outcomes regarding the influence of high temperature on human health. Additionally, the Taiwanese meteorologist Dr. Peng Chi-Ming was invited to present the Heat Island Alliance, which was established by Dr. Peng and Distinguished Professor Lin Tzu-Ping of the Department of Architecture, NCKU. Dr. Peng shared his experience of compiling Taiwan’s meteorological data and air quality models and employing real-time network and mobile applications to offer real-time temperature and air quality data as well as prediction results. Professor Lin based his lecture on the unique thermal perception of people living in tropical zones and analyzed the selection and behavioral mode of the general public regarding high temperature and sun exposure in different climates and scenarios. Professor Lin used urban climatic maps and urban breezeway maps to identify urban hot spots and shared his experience in helping multiple county and city governments integrate ventilation, shading, and temperature reduction into urban planning and management policies. Moreover, Professor Lin proposed adaptation and temperature reduction strategies for cities and buildings.
The dean of the College of Planning and Design, Jeng Taysheng, welcomed heat adaptation experts and scholars from around the world on behalf of NCKU and expressed the enthusiasm of the university in participating in health issues related to climate change. The dean also thanked the efforts made by experts worldwide in the field of climatic and environmental adaptation and urban and building planning to improve the environment.
Experts and scholars implementing or promoting climatic adaptation projects who were from the Research Center for Environmental Changes of Academia Sinica and Environmental Protection Bureau of the Kaohsiung City Government were also invited to the forum. In addition, Edimax, the company that has proactively promoted the AirBox, attended the forum as an industrial representative. The forum involved discussions of scientific research, international trends, and policy directions. The goal of the forum was to unite science institutes, governmental agencies, and related industry to draw the attention of Taiwanese society to the issue of high temperature in urban areas and protection of the environment. The forum was live-streamed on the fan page of the College of Planning and Design, NCKU, to enforce the openness of information and increase public participation.