Compound Earth and Sand Disaster Adaptation – Forward-Looking Vision
複合型土砂災害調適前瞻願景
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          In recent years, due to earthquakes and extreme rainfalls, the frequency and scale of large-scale earth and sand disasters have increased year by year. Under the influence of Climate Change, the problem of earth and sand control has been transformed from a local single-spot disaster, for example a single-spot collapse or debris flow, into a complex and wide area earth-soil problem in the catchment region. The NCKU Disaster Prevention Research Center, a unit of the Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, develops the Compound Earth and Sand Disaster Adaptation Plan for Taiwan. In the future, these entities will check relevant research and policy implementation results and objectives at home and abroad, convene expert consultation meetings, handle earth-sand forums, and publish special literature on earth-sand control. The NCKU Disaster Prevention Research Center uses Harmonious Forest and Smart Disaster Prevention as two forward-looking visions to achieve goals of balance, harmony, intelligence, accuracy and autonomy.

          The 8+1 Grand Strategies include; slope management and collaboration; national geosphere information construction and integration; full-scale geosphere monitoring via the Internet of Things; integration, research and development of the geosphere alert technology; construction and development of geosphere decision-making smart cloud; development of innovative conservation technology; management of slope disaster prevention and life-sustaining channels; sustainable use and management of the land; and promotion of grassroots disaster prevention forces. These principles will guide the NCKU Disaster Prevention Research Center and proposes that consumption and growth of soil sand can be balanced; a stable watershed system can be constructed; a harmonious slope environment can be constructed to build the disaster prevention ecology; innovative monitoring technologies can be used to construct a smart information platform; integrate predictive models can be constructed to build an accurate vigilance system; and disaster prevention education can be popularized to construct sustainable disaster prevention communities and strengthen the resilience of the land.

          近年來受地震與極端降雨事件之影響,大規模土砂事件發生之頻率與災害規模均逐年增加。土砂治理之課題在氣候變遷的影響下,也由原先的單一崩塌或土石流等局部區域型之災害處理,轉型為複合、廣域型之集水區整體性土砂問題。成大防災中心作為水土保持局的幕僚單位,藉由盤點國內外相關研究及政策執行成果及目標、召開專家諮詢會議、辦理土砂論壇、出版土砂治理專刊等,研擬未來國內複合型土砂災害調適上位計劃。

          以「和諧山林」、「智慧防災」為兩大前瞻願景,以「均衡性」、「和諧性」、「智慧性」、「準確性」、「自主性」為目標,透過坡地管理專責與協作、國家級地圈資訊建置與整合、全方位地圈監測物聯網建置、整合型地圈警戒技術研發、地圈決策智慧雲建置、創新型保育治理技術開發、坡地防災及維生通道管理;國土永續利用與管理;提升基層防災力量等「8+1大策略」,期能均衡土砂收支,建構安定流域系統;兼顧防災生態,建構和諧坡地環境;創新監測技術,建構智慧資訊平台;整合預測模式,建構準確警戒系統;以及普及防災教育,建構永續防災社區,強化國土韌性。