15.3.2 Monitoring IUCN and other conservation species (policies)

            Monitoring IUCN and other conservation species

            National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) located in Tainan. The land occupied by NCKU are the eight campuses (near Tainan Train Station), Guiren campus (near Tainan High Speed Rail Station), Annan campus (near the west seashore of Tainan), and Douliu campus (in Yunlin County). The total area of NCKU is 186.5 hectares.

            The College of Life Sciences of NCKU has kept track of the flora and fauna on campus and has given advice on minimizing the damage of the environment during the development of the campus. Simultaneously, the College of Life Sciences took part in the rescue, research and protection of cetaceans in Taiwan’s territorial waters. According to the suggested classification and standard of the International Union for Conservation of Nature( IUCN) and the listed species in The Red List of Flora and Fauna of Taiwan, the College of Life Sciences also made efforts on the substantial use of the land, conservation of endangered species, and reduction of introduced species. The following passages make clearer explanation of such efforts:

            Conservation of endangered species

            This passage respectically explains the conservation of endangered/ rare flora and fauna according to the suggested classification of the IUCN and the listed species in The Red List of Flora and Fauna of Taiwan.

            For the flora, through research, NCKU has 32 species on campus, including Little-leaf Tree Millettia, Balobo, Oldham Elaeagnus, Blueberrylite Persimmon,Kusano Willow, Common Garcinia, Taiwan red pine, Taiwan Golden-rain Tree, Lanyu Michelia, Taiwan Ebony, Taiwan Roseapple, Largeleaf Markingnut, Chinese Elm, Lanyu Eugenia, Incense Tree, Taiwan Incense Cedar, Chinese Podocarpus, Swamp Gelonium, Indian barringtonia, Diospyros ferrea, Small-leaved Barringtonia, and Cagayan Nutmeg. NCKU has taken planned and regular observation of these species, and set up a stable and healthy environment for them to grow steadily.

            For fauna, through investigation and measurement, NCKU has 12 kinds of birds on campus, including Crested Goshawk, Brown Hawk-owl, Black-shouldered Kite, Crested Serpent-eagle, Osprey, Grey-faced buzzard, Chinese Goshawk, Spotted Scops Owl, Lanius cristatus, Oriental Pratincole, Painted Snipe, and Ring-necked Pheasant. Also, there are 3 kinds of reptiles, including Orthriophis taeniurus friesei, grass-flower, and Plumbeous water snake.

            Meanwhile, the protected cetaceans that were rescued in recent year including Steno bredanensis, sperm whale, Pygmy Sperm Whale, Dwarf sperm whale, Striped Dolphin, Risso's Dolphin, Pygmy Killer Whale, Short finned pilot whale, and many-toothed blackfish. Other protected marine species that have been rescued are green sea turtle, hawksbill turtle, Lepidochelys olivacea, and Leatherback Turtle.

            Reduction of exotic species

            With the constant effort of maintaining the flora on campus, most exotic species, even the alien invasive species, are under controlled. However, in Annan Campus, the biggest campus of NCKU, the higher rainfall frequency in recent years together with the taprography caused frequent flooding on campus. Due to this reason, the number of white popinac leadtree increased. Recently, NCKU used drainage systems to drain away excessive water and planted more local plants which can adapt to the environment near the seashore. Moreover, for maintaining the biological diversity, other species were planted ,including Terminalia catappa, Poongaoil Pongamia, China Berry, Flame Gold-rain Tree, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Scaevola taccada, Myoporum, and Seaside Clerodendrum.