CORONAVIRUS/University hospital shows off protective device for COVID-19 care

 National Cheng Kung University Hospital unveiled Monday a lightweight protective tent designed to prevent the risk of infection while treating COVID-19 patients.

Fang Pin-hui (方品惠), a physician with the Tainan-based university's Department of Emergency Medicine who helped develop the concept, said doctors must be protected from getting infected, including during intubation after COVID-19 patients suffer respiratory failure.

The intubation process in particular exposes doctors to the risk of aerosol-based transmission of the virus, especially if they lack the protective gear that has been in short supply in many hospitals around the world.

The tent-like device, Fang said, was inspired by an umbrella and a raincoat that consists of two L-shaped frames and a transparent PVC film, materials which are easy to find and relatively inexpensive.

When assembled, the protective accessory can be placed on the sickbed or stretcher and acts as a barrier between the physician and patient, she said, noting that holes can be cut on the film for doctors and nurses to put their hands through to perform procedures while dressed in their protective gear.

Although intubation is typically not performed in an ambulance, the device can also be used by its crew in an emergency to prevent them from being exposed to aerosols, Fang said.

According to National Cheng Kung Hospital, the protective tent was designed so that it would be easy to assemble.

The device was described in an article in the April issue of the Annals of Emergency Medicine, a monthly peer-reviewed international medical journal covering all aspects of emergency medicine care.

A similar device made of acrylic was designed by Lai Hsien-yung (賴賢勇), an anesthesiologist with Mennonite Christian Hospital in Hualien, in mid-March, and has been adopted in the Philippines and Indonesia.

NCKU President Su on maintaining relationships in time of social distancing

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has been spreading throughout the world like wildfire, people in Taiwan have been battling the disease for over 100 days since the outbreak. “We are lucky that our daily lives continue as usual while many countries around the world, where COVID-19 deaths are being reduced as much as possible,” said National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) President Huey-Jen Jenny Su.

Social distancing has become the new norm, according to President Su. “How to avoid interpersonal relationships but maintain meaningful contact while countering the loneliness of social distancing is crucial for everyone.”

President Su indicated that that the role of universities is knowledge production and universities should also assume social responsibility in times of crisis. As a comprehensive research university, NCKU highlighted specific two core values in COVID-19 response: one is academic momentum, and the other is scientific solutions to the problems.

“Clear communication is vital during a pandemic,” Su said. For example, NCKU began to deploy the first line of epidemic prevention measures in January, security guards, dormitory managers, cleaning staff, and even school security personnel are all equipped with full training. The pandemic control measures successfully contained the outbreak in the University community.

Su noted that information should also be accurately delivered to the students. In the University community, students returning from abroad are informed to be actively engaged in the tracing from their departments instead of returning directly to the school. These students protect themselves on the one hand, but also protect their communities by reducing transmission risks in the University.

According to Su, in addition to effective communication, technology plays an important role as well. For instance, online teaching allows members in the University community to continue with teaching in times of crisis and digitization of screening infrastructure in hospitals reduce the impact of COVID-19 cases on daily operations.

President Su said that Taiwan's COVID-19 success is obvious and epidemic prevention efforts in NCKU have been successful for the past hundred days. But what is the next step?

She continued, “in a recent university affairs meeting, in which participants can appear in-person or via videoconferencing, most of them chose to appear in-person rather than staying online, it highlighted that people still value physical interactions greatly.”

To balance disease prevention and interpersonal needs, in NCKU indoor courses start guiding opportunities for outdoor learning or to formulate clearer social distancing guidelines, according to President Su. “Do whatever it takes to create and sustain meaningful connections with other people during this viral crisis.”

NCKU will continue to show its strength in combating the COVID-19 to the international community and demonstrate its willingness to contribute to the global fight against the disease, said Su, “the community will maintain basic operations.” Hopefully economic activities and international interactions will gradually recover when the pandemic passed its peak.

President Su said, Taiwan has a high-quality healthcare system and has received international attention and recognition in this COVID-19 crisis management. She commented that we will be able to invite experts and scholars from different parts of Taiwan, taking the opportunity to retain local talents and to recruit international talents to work together in this global COVID-19 fight.

NCKU, BAF co-design for COVID19 prototype of emergency quarantine hospital

“National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) as a research-intensive university recognized for its social undertaking has the responsibilities to be the guiding light and therefore to lead for a better outlook at the time society is meeting its historical challenges,” NCKU President Huey-Jen Jenny Su said in her opening remarks for a recent press conference held in the University community.

NCKU together with Bio-architecture Formosana (BAF) develop an integrated emergency medical shelter named “Quarantine unit for recovery Emergency, and Ecology (QurE)”, which is now available as an open-source document to share with the international community!

The prototype, which is designed as a quarantine unit, considers not only safety but also humanity, especially both patients and medical staffs are under extreme pressure.

President Su hailed the collaboration and stated in today’s press conference that this is an example of intellectuals bearing the pressure and challenge, and shouldering its responsibility, and finally, in front of the world, reveal a spectacular starting point of technology solutions for addressing the COVID-19 pandemic.

“This is how the University serves the world with knowledge,” said President Su. “The core value of the entire project is to make it available for the world, therefore people can really participate in their specific functions or purpose,” Su added.

According to NCKU Hospital Superintendent Meng-Ru Shen, NCKU has organized an R&D design team that spans medicine, architecture, and engineering, and combined the strength of industry and academia to create a prototype of quarantine hospital for COVID-19 treatments.

Ching Hwa Chang, founder of BAF, noted,“we design a prototype in under 2 weeks, it started as a virtual 3D model, to communicate with the general public, we decided to build a 1:1 realistic structure instead.”

One of the most important features is its modular assembly design, enabling workers to be able to assemble a single suite-type negative pressure isolation ward without having to worry about cross-infection between patients in less than three days, said Chang.

Please feel free to download the design manual regarding QurE Design Manual V1.0

https://qure.gs.ncku.edu.tw/download

NCKU COVID-19 diagnostic system translated into 6 languages

The National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) Hospital self-developed diagnostic system, which was previously available only in Chinese, enables patients to fill in data on their travel, occupational, contact and virus cluster history electronically before being seen by a doctor. Now the NCKU Hospital added 6 languages to the system, which will help reduce the burden of the medical staff.

To improve accessibility, the hospital added versions of the service in English, Vietnamese, Indonesian, Thai, Japanese and Korean, which then automatically translates the patient data for hospital staff.

An audio Taiwanese-language version of the system is also being developed.

According to Dr. Liu Ping-yen, the director of the NCKU Department of Intensive Care, the hospital initially only planned to add an English version, but later expanded it to better reflect the diversity of foreign languages spoken in Taiwan.

With help from the university's Office of International Affairs, the hospital recruited volunteers to translate the system into six languages.

Korean graduate student Tsui Wen-yu finished the system's Korean translations in a single day, saying that seeing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in his own country motivated him to help the hospital's staff "get through this challenge together.”

NCKU develops automatic pneumonia detection system for early detection of COVID-19 patients

Under the lack of doctors and nurses in countries with severe condition of COVID-19, pressure of taking care of patients and diagnosing symptoms are growing bigger. Before the outbreak of Coronavirus, researches on conducting artificial intelligent on healthcare system has been a key development to National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) Hospital, Taiwan.

In the past two years, department of diagnostic radiology of NCKU Hospital has been continuously conducting research on using AI in X-ray for faster chest diagnosis on pneumothorax and aortic dissection.

Using a dataset of chest X-rays, this artificial intelligence tool can alert doctors to a coronavirus infection in as little as a second.

With the existing research foundation on AI chest diagnostics, a team named MedCheX composed of NCKU researchers, Prof. Jung-Hsien Chiang, Dr. Yi-Shan Tsai, graduate and PhD students Chi-Siang Wang, Huang-Bin Chiou, Jhao-Yi Wu, is selected as one of the 89 highlighted projects out of 1560 teams around the world in the “Build for COVID19 Global Online Hackathon” competition. Tiffany Chiang, an elementary school teacher helped in language revision for the video used for competition.

MedChex is an e-Alert system for automatically detecting high-risk patients with pneumonia from chest x-rays. The system learn from the vast negative and positive x-ray image of COVID-19 provided by Dr. Yi-Shan Tsai, then detects pneumonia on x-rays images and identifies whether the person is infected by COVID-19.

The team combined ResNeXt with Feature Pyramid Network (FPN) based deep learning model to automatically detect the presence of pneumonia using this dataset. They also consulted with engineers in order to better integrate the model to assist doctors with their diagnoses. Transfer of x-ray scans, server construction, and prediction response were all needed to build this e-Alert system.

If a positive result is detected, doctors are notified of the suspected case via e-Alert (on computer or smartphone), and labeling of the corresponding area in the diseased lung are accomplished with a deep learning approach. The system’s accuracy can be up to 92%. With all the automatic process, doctors could have more accurate diagnosis and prompt treatments, which saves lots of human labor.

The system has already been tested with and adopted by doctors at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital. With this system, diagnosis could be finished within a second, minimizing time for patients waiting for the result and lowering the risk of infection in the hospital, making NCKU the first hospital in Taiwan to use AI technology in pneumonia diagnosis. Places insufficient with doctors would be hugely benefited from it.

In the future, other medical scans, such as CT scans or MRIs, may be included in this system to provide doctors with more accurate information to diagnose patients.   

Taiwan's NCKU holds online summit for world education and medical advancement

National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) on Tuesday (April 21) held a 12-hour-long online meeting attended by over 150 university presidents, scholars, experts, and medical professionals from over 10 countries, to discuss the impact of Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) on higher education and how people can minimize impacts from a future plague with new drug R&D processes.

The various stay-at-home orders implemented around the world have resulted in tens of millions of people working from home and using video-conferencing tools to communicate and exchange ideas, fostering a new higher education landscape. As the coronavirus pandemic is still wreaking havoc around the world, NCKU scrambled to host an online international summit of academics and professionals to brainstorm a new solution in fighting a pandemic as well as advancing remote learning.

NCKU President Dr. Huey-Jen Su (蘇慧貞) stated in her opening remarks that in the war against COVID-19, world leaders have incorporated various disciplines including data science, technology, medicine, and management. Of these forward-thinking leaders, Taiwan's president stands out the most with her effective resource integration from various ministries and sectors, Su explained.

"NCKU has been committed to its social responsibility and today we are inviting our global partners to discuss over key world issues in hopes of collecting good ideas and developing new solutions," she said.

Dr. Chih-Hung Jason Wang, a professor from Stanford University who published an article in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) that attracted international attention to Taiwan’s performance in fighting COVID-19, was invited to deliver a speech at the NCKU online forum. He praised Taiwan's quick and effective measures implemented right after the January outbreak, including border control, cross-department integration, and the application of big data.

Wang added that with its experiences combating and containing SARS in 2003, Taiwan could quickly mobilize resources across public and private sectors to fight the coronavirus in a joint effort. He compared an effective pandemic prevention plan to performing a harmonious symphony, saying that under the direction of the conductor, orchestra members play their respective parts on time and in unison, achieving perfection.

In a sub-forum of the event featuring higher education, participants observed a pandemic-induced shift from the classroom to online instruction as lockdowns remained in place for several months. They agreed that the rise of long-distance learning also points to a new trend that can reach more people across borders and from various socioeconomic groups.

In another sub-forum featuring medicine, participants discussed what global universities, research institutes, and government agencies could do together to develop rapid tests and accelerate research and development of vaccines and medicine, closing the gap between the laboratory and product commercialization.

Participants of the event included presidents and professors from the University of Tsukuba, Japan; the University of Malaya, Malaysia; Mahidol University, Thailand; Ho Chi Minh City Medicine and Pharmacy University, Vietnam; the SRM Institute of Science and Technology, India; Masaryk University, Czech Republic; and the University of Cincinnati, United States; as well as professionals from medical institutes, multiple industries, governments, and academic institutions in Canada, Swaziland, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Thailand, and Laos.

International Virtual Forum on COVID-19, Sharing Taiwan's Success Story (MOST)

At present, many countries in the world are slowing down due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, Taiwan continues to be one of the few that has successfully curbed the spread of the virus, all the while allowing its citizens to maintain their normal lives. Supporting the national effort, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) plays an indispensable role in strengthening Taiwan’s R&D capability on infectious diseases and strengthening the foundation of epidemic prevention for nearly two decades post SARS. To date, more than 150 labs and researchers in related fields were funded under MOST. Also working on the forefront, National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), a leading university in Taiwan, has been one of the forerunners to enact rapid contingency plans and measures since the beginning of the outbreak.

Amid the ongoing development of the virus, MOST and NCKU jointly organized the 2020 NCKU International Virtual Forum on COVID-19 on Tuesday, April 21. The goal of the event was to create a platform for NCKU and its partners around the world to share their experiences, knowledge, and best practices on epidemic prevention.

Having effectively applied its research strengths in engineering and medicine, NCKU has been recognized in the region for its measures to prevent and respond to the virus. To demonstrate universities' shared responsibility to quell this outbreak and to share the best practices, the 2020 NCKU International Virtual Forum on COVID-19 (access the forum here) focused on several aspects: first, how universities have rapidly adopted measures to continue to educate their students, uninterrupted by shutdowns; second, how universities, government agencies, and communities can effectively work together to combat the spread of the virus; last but not least, how innovative research across such fields as big data, AI healthcare, rapid testing devices, and novel treatments have been applied in the response to COVID-19.

Given the objectives of the forum, NCKU has invited all of its local and global partners to join, including 104 member universities of the Presidents' Forum of Southeast Asia and Taiwan Universities (SATU), scholars and administrators from Stanford University (U.S.A.), the University of Cincinnati (U.S.A.), Masaryk University (Czech Republic), Technischen Universität Darmstadt (Germany), University of Bern (Switzerland), University of Tsukuba (Japan), SRM Institute of Science and Technology (India), Mahidol University (Thailand), and University of Malaya (Malaysia), among others. Altogether, online participation in the forum is expected to reach over 100 countries.

The virtual forum began at 9:30 a.m. Taiwan local time, and continued for nearly 12 hours to ensure that participants in different countries have the chance to join. Having garnered praise for its rapid responses to major events and its collaboration with the government in recent years, NCKU once again demonstrated how the university can apply its research strengths to improve the well-being and the advancement of our society.

Taiwan's NCKU research momentum remains despite coronavirus pandemic

As the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to spread worldwide and lockdowns are extended, Taiwan's National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) is tapping into one of its cross-border collaboration projects that unites international and local medical experts to hammer out solutions to address post-pandemic global challenges.

Remote collaboration has become a norm at the school, led by its forward-thinking leaders and management teams. Despite a halt in face-to-face meetings, the switch was swift and painless not only because of its mature internet communication system but also its wide-reaching satellite operations, which NCKU started in 2017 by setting up overseas research centers at partnered universities in Vietnam, Malaysia, and Thailand as part of its annual overseas joint research program.

In 2019, the centers focused on nanomaterials, artificial intelligence, elderly care, infectious disease prevention, innovative industries, big data, digital dentistry, and smart medical care. This year, the annual program continues to shine, with eight teams comprised of 55 experts from four countries, 27 of whom live outside Taiwan.

The teams aim to find new solutions for dengue fever, biomass energy, prevention and treatment of serious diseases, energy storage systems, sustainable energy and materials, digital dentistry, and chronic wound care. 

Prof. Hsiao-Wen Wang (王筱雯), NCKU’s vice president for international affairs and the general supervisor of NCKU's overseas research centers, told Taiwan News that the program upholds a problem-solving strategy toward global issues and challenges utilizing an interdisciplinary and integrated approach. It encourages outstanding senior scholars to coach students selected from participating schools by taking part in planning research proposals.

For example, a joint project between Prof. Oscar Guey-Chuen Perng (彭貴春) at NCKU’s Department of Microbiology & Immunology and Thailand's Mahidol University (MU) will integrate Prof. Perng’s lab results in dengue virus research with MU's dengue clinical data. Furthermore, studying the mechanisms by which the dengue virus contributes to leukemia's pathological process may trigger a new direction for dengue virus research.

Students who participate in this study will learn basic biological knowledge and lab procedures, including flow cytometry analysis and how to conduct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA).

Another project, proposed by Assoc. Prof. Hsien-Tai Chiu (邱顯泰) from NCKU's chemistry department and the NCKU BT&D2 team, has successfully established international and long-term cooperative programs with research teams from the University of Malaya (UM) and MU to carry out collaborative research projects leading to benefits on either party. The UM team is composed of 10 principal investigator (PI) laboratories from the departments of pharmacology, chemistry and life sciences, as well as the Center of Natural Products Research and Drug Discovery.

The MU team comprises 5 PIs, research associates, and graduate students from the faculties of medicine, dentistry, and public health. They aim to develop clinical drugs and healthy food for the prevention and treatments of various diseases, especially those associated with aging, cancers, and metabolic syndrome.

Through academic research, they are dedicated to promoting healthcare and well-being and reduce social problems, especially in this aging society.

Ather project is hosted by Prof. H. Sunny Sun (孫孝芳) at NCKU's Institute of Molecular Medicine. As hygiene and pregnancy complications are major concerns for pregnant women in Vietnam, Prof. Sun's team partnered with the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Ho Chi Minh City, and they are expected to tackle these problems by careful planning of standard prenatal health care programs, antenatal care programs such as genetic tests using next-generation sequencing, and postnatal care programs and consulting systems for pregnant women and their families.

Pneumonia detection system wins COVID-19 global online competition

An automatic pneumonia detection system developed by a team from Tainan-based National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) has become one of the winners of an online competition organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) to seek solutions for tackling challenges related to the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, the university said Monday.

The team, named "MedCheX," headed by NCKU professor Chiang Jung-hsien (蔣榮先), was announced on April 10 as one of the 89 highlighted projects among 1,560 submissions in the COVID-19 Global Online Hackathon, with an e-alert system that can detect pneumonia from chest x-rays and automatically alert the doctor more quickly, NCKU said in a press release.

It is the only Taiwanese team to win the honor, it noted.

According to Chiang, the system was developed over the last two years with the aim of assisting doctors in diagnosing pneumonia more quickly.

The team created a UNet++ machine learning model that can automatically detect the presence of pneumonia.

Using this learning model, the system is able to automatically detect high-risk patients by scanning their chest x-rays to determine more quickly whether they are infected with pneumonia, Chiang said.

If the test proves positive, the doctor will receive an e-alert, either via computer or mobile phone, containing both the original scans and the detection results.

Chiang said the team, which also features three graduate and PhD students, along with Tsai Yi-shan (蔡依珊), a doctor at NCKU Hospital, was able to build the system thanks to a cache of more than 1,000 chest x-rays from patients suspected of having pneumonia provided by the NCKU Department of Medical Imaging.

So far, the system has already been put to use at NCKU Hospital and has greatly increased diagnosis efficiency.

Based on the 1,400 images the system has managed to scan so far, it has achieved 92 percent accuracy in the detection of pneumonia symptoms, Chiang added.

With the coronavirus pandemic, Chiang said that over the past three months, the system has also been used for early detection of potential COVID-19 patients.

The system only takes a single second to determine if the chest X-ray scan of a patient needs further screening for coronavirus, he added.

Chiang said that in the future, the team will include functions for other types of screening, such as CT scans or MRIs, to provide doctors with even more accurate diagnostic information.

Covid-19 Prevention Guide for International Students

NCKU to set up COVID-19 Innovation Center

To meet the global challenge of COVID-19, National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) plans to establish an innovation center to support research and development activities that address medical and socio-economic challenges in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic, and foster collaboration between academic researchers and public, not for profit and industry partners. Research topics include diagnostics, vaccine, antiviral drugs, case tracking, as well as other technologies and tools in relation to the COVID-19. As so many of the world’s researchers focused so urgently on this topic, NCKU professors actively engaged with domestic and international partners, and will continue to bring their expertise and experiences to the global scientific community to help find potential solutions.

To address the medical challenges, a group of physicians and research scientists in biochemistry and immunology from NCKU work closely to develop screening test, vaccine, and antiviral drug. The interdisciplinary group is developing rapid screening kits targeting the antigens or antibodies of the coronavirus. The testing kits under development could return results much faster than the current standard testing, which relies on a time-consuming laboratory process involving the extraction and amplification of nucleic acid from the coronavirus. This NCKU team also aims to develop vaccine to arm the population against new waves of infection, as well as antibody drugs for the treatment.

The other focus of this innovation center will be the application of IoT and AI technology in COVID-19 pandemic. Ongoing research projects in NCKU include AI analyzing chest X-ray image, chatbot in medical frontline, smart stethoscope, intubation device with 3D navigation system, protective suit and smart device for quarantine, automatic disinfection system, and etc. With the interdisciplinary collaboration between technology and medicine, we aim to monitor the real-time status of patients, transfer data to server through IoT network, analyze the information with big data and AI tools, and finally provide guidance to assist medical decision making of COVID-19. 

NCKU develops digitized TOCC to ease the spread of COVID-19

National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) in Taiwan has recently set up a “smart” healthcare clinical decision making assistive system, improving the testing efficiency up to 5 to 6 times. Originally it took two and half hours for a high risk patients from testing to decision making, which costs labor force and increases risk of cross-infection. However, with the smart system it cost only less than 30 minutes.

One part of the system includes improvement of the way to ask about TOCC history (Travel, Occupation, Contact, Cluster) of patients. In traditional way it was all conducted on paper and required person to person conversation, then digitized data by hand, which could possibly infect hospital staff and also make the doctor unable to diagnose quickly. In addition, doctors are harder to get the quickly changing information of pandemic without help of technology.

To solve the problems, NCKU Hospital expects to lower the risk of cross-infection and improve the information sharing efficiency. Therefore, the hospital decided to modify the testing station based on medical and information sciences. The hospital started to use tablets with digitized questionnaire designed by Dr. Po-Lin Chen, Dr. Nan-Yao Lee, and Ching Wan from Infection Control Center, to replace the paper work that brings higher workload with higher risk of infection for the nurses. The public could input their travel, occupation, possible contact, and cluster history by themselves on the tablets to shorten their stay at the testing station. Once the information were collected, it will upload directly to HIS system. By applying the smart AI clinical decision-making system, the clinicians could check and make the precise clinical decision right away.

NCKU creates new wearable device for thermal screening to detect infection

The HEARThermo, a watch-like wearable device, can continuously monitor body surface temperature and heart rate to provide real-time data and decision support for early fever detection and point-of-care of suspected cases in the COVID-19 pandemic. The product was developed by an interdisciplinary group of NCKU professors with expertise in medicine, IoT, big data, and AI, as well as an industrial partner.

The interdisciplinary NCKU team includes Prof. Ko Nai-Ying, head of the Department of Nursing; Prof. Ko Wen-Chien, deputy superintendent of NCKU Hospital; Prof. Chen Po-Lin, head of the Center for Disease Control; Prof. Chuang Kun-Ta, assistant professor of the Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering; Prof. Kao Hung-Yu, dean of the Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering; and Prof. Yu-Chen Shu, assistant professor of the Department of Mathematics.

Thermal screening has become a standard protocol to detect early sign of infection. Identifying individuals with elevated body temperature, who should then be further screened with diagnostic tests, can help reduce the spread of viruses.

This HEARThermo system attracted attention during the COVID-19 epidemic for its function in early detection of fever in suspected cases. Potential partners include hospitals, transportation companies, and long-term care organizations. The research team is also interested to collaborate with international partners to provide early detection of suspected patients and help to prevent the rapid spread of COVID-19 in other countries in Europe, the United States, Southeast Asia, and etc.

For future study, the team aims to expand the applications of HEARThermo with the support of IoT technology. The team is currently developing prediction model of body surface temperature and smart cloud service for different population groups. 

University-run COVID-19 regional testing station opens in Taiwan

How the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is affecting operations at National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan, and how NCKU experts and scientists are responding to the COVID-19 outbreak is crucial to the nation. During the outbreak, NCKU Hospital (NCKUH) has successfully implemented outdoor coronavirus testing stations, using prefabricated modules.

During the Spring Festival, NCKUH set up a tented area in the emergency parking lot as a temporary coronavirus testing tent, as a final safeguard for the emergency department by allowing quick assessment of patients and preventing the risk of an infection outbreak in the hospital.

For NCKUH, this epidemic is just another battle to be fought, and no rest can be found before the enemies are annihilated. In the hopes of providing a safer medical operating environment, Superintendent of NCKUH, Meng-Ru Shen, has arranged an coronavirus testing station to be set up in the outdoor parking lot to replace the temporary coronavirus testing tent.

This testing station was set up in just ten days and is now ready to provide a safe and high-quality coronavirus testing station for both patients and healthcare workers alike.

The outdoor COVID-19 testing stations are fully equipped to ensure the entire coronavirus testing process goes smoothly, accurately, and quickly. Equipment like mobile X-ray machines, tablets to fill in TOCC (travel history, work history, contact history, and group history), as well as sample collection equipment and necessary medical supplies, can all be found in the testing station.

NCKUH Superintendent Meng-Ru Shen indicated that the service targets of the coronavirus testing stations are people who have a history of tourism between China, Hong Kong, and Macau, and those with fever or respiratory symptoms within 14 days.